C&D Diversion Toolkit

Construction and Demolition debris (C&D) is an often over-looked contributor to landfills and waste incinerators.

C&D and bulky waste can be costly for towns to manage and pose health and safety threats to facility operators, including the presence of lead, asbestos, and other harmful materials. 

Effectively handling and increasing the recycling and diversion of C&D and bulky waste can help towns decrease costs associated with handling this type of waste, decrease the amount of material landfilled or incinerated, and increase reuse of still-good materials.  

In this C&D Diversion Toolkit, you will find resources for both operators and residents. This work is based off of the 2022-23 Increasing C&D Diversion in Coös County project, as well as the current North Country C&D Diversion 2.0 project. 

This toolkit is in progress and will continue to grow over the course of the year.

C&D and Bulky Waste Diversion Resources for Operators:

Feasibility Studies for Operators:

Resources for Residents:


Deconstruction - Information and Resources

Did you know that many building materials could be reused? Here’s how:

Deconstruction is a process that involves carefully taking apart a building to reclaim usable items such as cabinets, fixtures, doors, windows, flooring, and other building materials. For renovation or tear-down projects, there is significant potential for material reuse. You can reuse anything from furniture, cabinets, doors, windows, flooring, or even the lumber that holds up a building. After removal, these materials can then be donated or reused in current or future projects. 

Demolition involves tearing down a structure, putting its contents in dumpsters, and hauling it away.

Benefits of Donation: Donation can help save money on disposal costs and qualify for a tax deduction when donated to a non-profit 501(c)3 organization.

Benefits of Reuse: Using reclaimed building materials in new construction or renovations can save money on material costs and help achieve unique designs that are difficult to achieve using new materials.

Create a Plan: A waste management plan can help maximize furniture, equipment, and building material reuse by identifying materials that can be diverted from disposal before the demolition or deconstruction begins.

Find a plan template at: recyclingworksma.com/construction-demolition-materials-guidance

Consider Your Community: Before you begin, identify potential reuse outlets such as local thrift stores, large donation organizations like Habitat for Humanity ReStore, posting to online sites like Craigslist or Facebook, or other organizations and nonprofits such as local schools or community centers.

While full deconstruction involves carefully dismantling a building piece by piece, there are many easy-to-implement methods. This can range from a soft strip, where the most high-value and easy-to-remove materials are removed intact, to a full deconstruction, in which the entire structure is "un-built" to maximize the reuse of existing materials.

Resources for Contractors, Developers, Real Estate Agents, and Homeowners:

Center for EcoTechnology


Sustainable Consumption Toolkit


The following resources have been created by NRRA in regards to battery recycling. This is a dynamic and up-to-date listing of all battery-related resources.